In the wake of the problematisation of modernism, the discipline of architecture has witnessed a marked turn in its understanding of this ability. The potential for architecture to be engaged with and thus critical of the existing, was no longer to be located in the affirmative realm of the architectural project, but shifted, with Tafuri – under the influence of various schools of Marxism and critical theory – to the realm of history and theory. Whether asserting architecture’s socio-economic determination, or promoting its autonomy, the arguments were founded upon one central inclination: the preference for theory as the ultimate guide for criticality in architecture.

Agency in Architecture: Reframing Criticality in Theory and Practice
Isabelle Doucet and Kenny Cupers, editors