Archived entries for civil rights

Between separation and segregation: it’s a segregated community. Which means it’s regulated from the outside by outsiders

The black man that you’re not familiar with is the one that we would like to point out now. He is a new type. He is the type that seldom the white man ever comes into contact with. And when you do come into contact with him you’re shocked because you didn’t know that this type of black man existed. And immediately you think, “Well here’s one of those black supremacists or racists or extremists who believe in violence and all that other kind of…” Well, that’s what they call it.

This new type of black man, he doesn’t want integration; he wants separation. Not segregation, separation. To him, segregation, as we’re taught by the Honorable Elijah Muhammad, means that which is forced upon inferiors by superiors. A segregated community is a Negro community. But the white community, though it’s all white, is never called a segregated community. It’s a separate community. In the white community, the white man controls the economy, his own economy, his own politics, his own everything. That’s his community. But at the same time while the Negro lives in a separate community, it’s a segregated community. Which means it’s regulated from the outside by outsiders. The white man has all of the businesses in the Negro community. He runs the politics of the Negro community. He controls all the civic organizations in the Negro community. This is a segregated community.

We don’t go for segregation. We go for separation. Separation is when you have your own. You control your own economy; you control your own politics; you control your own society; you control your own everything. You have yours and you control yours; we have ours and we control ours.

They don’t call Chinatown in New York City or on the West Coast a segregated community, yet it’s all Chinese. But the Chinese control it. Chinese voluntarily live there, they control it. They run it. They have their own schools. They control their own politics, control their own industry. And they don’t feel like they’re being made inferior because they have to live to themselves. They choose to live to themselves. They live there voluntarily. And they are doing for themselves in their community the same thing you do for yourself in your community. This makes them equal because they have what you have. But if they didn’t have what you have, then they’d be controlled from your side; even though they would be on their side, they’d be controlled from your side by you.

via Malcolm X. “The Race Problem.” African Students Association and NAACP Campus Chapter. Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. 23 January 1963..

they fight a fire that won’t go out

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From Time’s ONE DREAM

Harlem is Nowhere by Ralph Ellison

HarlemIsNowhere-RalphEllison

El mismo año de la publicación del célebre artículo sobre la Reconstrucción, Du Bois fundó la revista The Crisis

Du Bois era un intelectual comprometido en el sentido sartriano del término. Su vida representó la lucha constante por una igualdad entre las razas, por la inclusión de los afroamericanos en la sociedad, y la defensa de su honor en la historia del país. El mismo año de la publicación del célebre artículo sobre la Reconstrucción, Du Bois fundó la revista The Crisis, y escribió que lo hacía por los siguientes motivos:

 

“El primero y más importante, como periódico que recoja los acontecimientos que suceden en el mundo relacionados con el gran problema de la relación interracial y específicamente a aquella que afecta al negro americano. Segundo, como comentario de opinión exhaustivo sobre literatura referente al problema racial; tercero, como foro para unos pocos artículos concisos; y finalmente, la página editorial que defienda los derechos de los hombres con independencia de su color y raza, por los más altos ideales de la democracia americana”.

via Xabier Fole – El mito de la Reconstrucción y la revista 'The Crisis'. La resistencia de los intelectuales afroamericanos | FronteraD.

El mito de la Reconstrucción y la revista ‘The Crisis’. La resistencia de los intelectuales afroamericanos | FronteraD

Sin medios periodísticos donde poder expresar sus puntos de vista, o recursos económicos para financiar sus propias investigaciones, ni acceso a las fuentes primarias de la época, los afroamericanos soportaron durante años la mayor de las injusticias: la manipulación del relato de sus propias vidas.

via Xabier Fole – El mito de la Reconstrucción y la revista 'The Crisis'. La resistencia de los intelectuales afroamericanos | FronteraD.



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